We the social people love and honor the Stars and Stripes but have not learned its entire truth
A artwork by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (circa 1920) of Betsy Ross and George Washington (far left)
Americans love our banner. We display it at concerts and stadiums to commemorate, and also at times during the nationwide tragedy to exhibit our resolve.
We now have our schoolchildren pledge allegiance to it; we now have consecrated it within our anthem that is national have actually any occasion, Flag Day, to honor it every June 14, also get it on prominent display when it comes to Fourth of July.
Yet the iconography and reputation for the flag that is american specially its very early history, are infused with misconception and misrepresentation. Listed below are five of the very myths that are prevalent.
Myth # 1: Betsy Ross made 1st flag that is american.
The Betsy Ross tale is one of piece that is tenacious of relating to the flag. There merely is not any legitimate historical proof — letters, diaries, newsprint reports, bills of purchase — that Ross (then referred to as Elizabeth Claypoole) either made or had a submit creating the US banner before it made its first in 1777.
The tale cropped up in 1870, very nearly a century following the flag that is first supposedly sewn, whenever William Canby, Ross’ grandson, told the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia that their grandmother made the banner at George Washington’s behest. Canby’s single proof: affidavits from nearest and dearest. The iconic 1893 artwork of Ross sitting in her Philadelphia parlor using the sun beaming straight down in the banner in her own lap is really a scene devised by Charles H. Weisgerber, the musician and business owner who profited through the Betsy Ross legend.
While Ross did make flags in Philadelphia into the belated 1770s, it’s all but sure the storyline about her creating the flag that is american a myth.
As President Woodrow Wilson, whom presided on the very first formal nationwide Flag Day on June 14, 1916, is thought to have replied when expected their thoughts from the tale: «Would so it had been true.»
Library of Congress
Much symbolism happens to be caused by them, nevertheless the colors associated with US banner have never ever had almost any formal imprimatur.
Myth # 2. The red, white and colors that are blue American sacrifice.
No federal legislation, resolution or professional order exists supplying the state basis for the flag’s colors — or their meaning. The closest thing to a reason will be the terms of Charles Thomson, the assistant for the Continental Congress, who had been instrumental within the design for the Great Seal associated with the usa.
Thomson’s are accountable to Congress on June 20, 1782, the afternoon the seal ended up being authorized, included a description associated with the colors, exactly like those who work in the banner: «White signifies purity and purity. Red and Blue . Signifies vigilance, justice and perseverance.»
Various formal papers and proclamations — including one by President Ronald Reagan marking 1986 because the «12 months for the Flag» — have actually echoed that thinking.
However the colors don’t have, nor have actually they ever endured, any imprimatur that is official. Historians genuinely believe that the utilization of red, white and blue when you look at the Stars and Stripes is because of the fact that is simple these were the colors associated with very very first banner associated with United states colonies, the Continental Colors. And there’s doubt that is little the red, white and blue associated with Continental Colors arrived from: the Union Jack for the great britain.
People of the Electoral university recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
Myth # 3: The Pledge of Allegiance is certainly recited in Congress along with other government figures.
The pledge had been published by mag editor Francis Bellamy in 1892 for a nationwide public college party of this 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s landing. In 1898, through the Spanish-American War, ny became the very first state to mandate that public school students recite the Pledge of Allegiance at the start of each school time. Numerous states observed suit, as well as the pledge stayed a basic regarding the day by day routine in several schools until 1988, whenever it became a concern within the campaign that is presidential.
Vice President George H.W. Bush criticized their opponent, Democrat Michael Dukakis, for vetoing a bill as governor of Massachusetts that will have needed the pledge become recited in public areas schools. Dukakis stated he did therefore after being encouraged that the statutory legislation ended up being unconstitutional.
During the height associated with the campaign, on Sept. 13, 1988, the pledge had been recited on the ground of this House of Representatives when it comes to time that is first. Republican people in the homely house, have been into the minority, offered an answer to this impact, also it was accepted by Speaker Jim Wright, a Democrat. Wright ruled that there after, the pledge is recited at the beginning of company each time that the home was at session.
The Senate failed to start recital that is daily of pledge until June 24, 1999. Since that time, the pledge is actually the main opening rituals of the majority of state and local bodies that are governmental.
In line with the Supreme Court, legislation banning banner burning violate speech that is free.
Myth # 4: it really is unlawful to burn off the flag that is american.
It had been illegal until 1989, if the Supreme Court ruled 5 to 4 in Texas v. Johnson that burning the banner is a kind of symbolic message protected by the initial Amendment.
The outcome included Gregory Lee Johnson, a known user regarding the Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade, that has burned the banner during a protest in the 1984 Republican National Convention. He was convicted of breaking Texas’s flag-desecration legislation, fined $2,000 and sentenced up to a year in jail. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals overturned the conviction, ruling that Johnson ended up being working out his First Amendment straight to freedom of message.
The Supreme Court’s choice invalidated a 1968 flag-desecration that is national, in addition to comparable guidelines in 48 states (all except Wyoming and Alaska). As a result, Congress passed the Flag Protection Act, but that statutory legislation has also been challenged and ended up in the Supreme Court. The court in 1990 really affirmed its previous ruling, saying that any legislation banning flag burning violated free message.
Those choices generated a nationwide motion to amend the Constitution which will make banner desecration unlawful. The key vocals for the reason that effort was the people Flag Alliance, that has been launched in 1994 by the American Legion. Proposed amendments have show up frequently in the home and Senate since that time but have actually yet to get enough help.
This shirt that is patriotic violates Flag Code recommendations.
Myth # 5: It is OK to put on a Stars-and-Stripes T-shirt.
The U.S. Flag Code frowns regarding the utilization of the banner «to promote purposes.» It continues on to alert from pay someone to write my essay the purchase or display of any «article of product . upon which shall have now been printed, painted, connected, or perhaps put a representation of» the banner to «advertise, phone focus on, decorate, mark, or differentiate this article or substance on which so placed.»
To put it differently, whenever you wear a banner T-shirt or cap while reclining on a us banner coastline towel near your US banner camping seat, you might be breaking the Flag Code. The rule, that was used during the National that is first Flag in Washington in 1923, is component of this legislation associated with land. However it is maybe maybe not enforced, neither is it enforceable. It really is just a couple of directions, permitting Us americans know very well what to accomplish — and just just just what never to do — with our red, white and blue emblem that is national.
There is absolutely no Flag Police. You simply will not be arrested for using a t-shirt that is flag-embossed Independence Day — or just about any day of the season.